7 August 2018, in openstack, tripleo
While working on the validations/tests for the new release, I had the need to access specific packages and repositories behind a VPN.
Some corporate VPN don’t allow to have multiple connection for the same user (confession: I didn’t test it ;)), meaning your home build server can’t access the private resources while your workstation is connected.
There are two ways: either build some gateway on your own, put your corporate VPN on it, and put your work machines behind. That can be a pain, especially since VPN eats a lot of resources, and in some cases, you will need to access the gateway and update the password everytime you reboot it.
The other one is kind of more funny: just use squid.
The setup is really easy:
In TripleO environment, this means mainly: configure the undercloud to use your squid as a proxy for Yum and Docker.
In order to do that, you need to push a simple line in /etc/yum.conf:
proxy = http://<PROXY_HOST>:3128
PROXY_HOST being your workstation IP address. In addition, you will need to push a
configuration file for docker. The easiest way is to push something in systemd
If you create a
/etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/http-proxy.conf file with
the following content, you should be fine:
[Service] Environment="HTTP_PROXY=http://<PROXY_HOST>:3128/" Environment="NO_PROXY=localhost,127.0.0.0/8"
In case you do that after docker has been deployed, you will need to reload the systemd daemon and restart docker:
systemctl daemon-reload systemctl restart docker
Once this is done, you will be able to access the private things behind the corporate VPN without the need of running the VPN on you build machine.
This also is more secure, especially if you ensure the squid port is locked by default, and open it only when you actually NEED it.
On my own, I just run the following command in order to open it on the workstation:
firewall-cmd --zone public --add-port 3128/tcp
Note: there isn’t the “–permanent” option, meaning next reboot or firewall reload will drop the rule. In addition, ensuring your squid.conf only allows your LAN to connect is a good thing.
In addition, my squid.conf also ignore repodata files in order to avoid bad caching:
acl repodata url_regex .*repodata.* cache deny repodata
As a final note: squid is a powerful tool, not only for caching. In fact, if you must access TLS encrypted URI, squid won’t cache anything (by default it doesn’t do TLS-MitM), but at least it will allow to access remote, protected contents in an easy way.
The fact it doesn’t cache TLS URI will prevent most of the caching, especially the containers layers - this is a good thing in order to prevent disk usage issues on your computer ;).